The official Medicare website includes a nursing home rating system. Care Compare (previously called Nursing Home Compare) offers up to five-star ratings of nursing homes based on health inspections, staffing, and quality measures. Users can search for nursing homes by location and directly compare how they measure up.
Nursing homes have been plagued by chronic understaffing and high turnover rates for years, and this problem has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. A study by the journal Health Affairs found that the turnover among nursing staff was 94 percent in 2017 and 2018 and mean turnover rates were as high as 140.7 percent among registered nurses, 129.1percent among certified nursing aides and 114.1 percent among licensed practical nurses. In addition, CMS found that lower turnover is often correlated to high nursing home ratings.
CMS announced that it would begin posting the following information for each nursing home on its website:
CMS will begin adding the information to the Care Compare website in January and it will be incorporated into the rating system in July 2022.
In adding the information, CMS noted in a memo that the correlation between nursing home quality and turnover may be because “facilities with lower nurse turnover may have more staff that are familiar with each resident’s condition and may therefore be more able to identify a resident’s change in condition sooner.” Therefore, the staff may be better able to prevent the resident from falling, getting an infection, or requiring hospitalization, all of which affect a nursing home’s quality rating. The staff’s familiarity with the facility’s policies and procedures as well as more steady leadership and direction may also affect staff turnover and nursing home quality.
With regard to weekend staffing, CMS acknowledged that consumers may not realize that nursing home staffing levels can vary on weekends. CMS hopes to encourage facilities to hire more weekend staff by adding weekend staff numbers to the nursing home rating system.
To read CMS’s announcement about this new policy, click here.